Uses of Acetylated Distarch Adipate (E1422) in Food Products

Acetylated Distarch Adipate (E1422) is a culinary marvel, playing a pivotal role in the food industry. From adding viscosity to enhancing stability, it is a versatile ingredient found in an array of products. Let’s delve into its production, functional uses, key characteristics, and the delightful benefits it brings to various food applications.

Production Process

This modified starch undergoes a meticulous two-step process. Initially, food starch undergoes esterification with acetic anhydride, resulting in the substitution of hydroxyl groups with acetyl esters. Subsequently, cross-linking occurs with adipic anhydride, connecting starch chains in a unique structure represented as Starch-O-R-O-Starch.

Functional Uses

  • Stabilizer: E1422 maintains the stability and uniformity of food products, particularly against temperature-induced changes.
  • Thickener: Widely used to increase viscosity, contributing to the texture and consistency of food products.
  • Binding Agent: Acts as a binding agent, enhancing structural integrity in various culinary creations.

Note: While indirectly contributing to emulsification, it is not typically classified as a primary emulsifier.

Key Characteristics and Advantages

  • Endurance under High Temperature: Capable of withstanding various cooking and food processing temperatures.
  • Durability in Acidic Environment: Exhibits resilience in diverse pH conditions, ensuring stability.
  • Resistance to Agitation: Maintains durability under mechanical forces, providing stability in formulations.
  • Swelling Limitation: Limits starch granule swelling, enhancing texture and water retention.
  • Increased Water Retention: Prevents water leakage, ensuring optimal moisture balance.
  • Improved Dough Stability: Enhances dough stability during cooking cycles.


  • Good Anti-aging and Frost Resistance: Ensures stability and quality.
  • Consistency: Maintains a high level of consistency for superior quality.
  • Transparency: Exhibits transparency, enhancing visual appeal.
  • Gloss Enhancement: Improves gloss, contributing to aesthetic appeal.
  • Delicate Taste: Adds a delicate taste for a pleasant culinary experience.

Common Uses in the Food Industry

  • Condiments and Sauces: Enhances ketchups, salad dressings, mayonnaise, and reduced-fat margarines.
  • Soups and Fillings: Improves texture and consistency in soups, fruit pie fillings, canned meat, and vegetables.
  • Dairy Products: Found in flavoured milk drinks, ice-cream, frozen foods, flavoured yoghurts, milk desserts, and thermised cottage cheese.
  • Meat and Meat Alternatives: Used in sausages, beef balls, fish balls, and meatballs for thickening, stabilizing, and maintaining product size.
  • Fermented Milk Products: Enhances stability in yogurt and whey, particularly during freezing.
  • Bakery and Dessert Products: Commonly used in dry mix products such as cupcakes, muffins, cakes, cookies, puddings, instant noodles, cream toppings, whipped cream, and mayonnaise.

In conclusion, Acetylated Distarch Adipate (E1422) stands as a versatile and indispensable ingredient, elevating the culinary experience across various food applications.