Comprehensive Overview of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment Methods

The initial step in breaking down lignocellulose typically involves traditional pretreatment methods, which can be physical, chemical, a combination of both (physicochemical), or biological. Physical Pretreatments Physical pretreatments aim to enhance the surface area and biomass pore size without involving chemical agents. Methods include mechanical comminution (size reduction), irradiation, and extrusion. While these methods alone […]